Poland during the reign of Stanisław August in the light of reports by French diplomatic agents. Edition of correspondence from the French Ministry of Foreign Affairs
The aim of the project is to prepare an edition of letters from the French Ministry of Foreign Affairs, letters sent by unofficial French agents operating in Warsaw in 1776-1788. The letters are a rich source of information about Poland’s political and social life between the first partition and the inauguration of the Great Sejm.
19th century revivalism movements appeared as a contestation and an alternative to official state churches and - in specific circumstances - an illegal form of religious activity in Scandinavian countries. It’s origins were connected with the idea of pietism, a religious movement within the protestant churches at the turn of 17th and 18th centuries, which aimed at a deep reform of Nordic Lutheranism. One can also point at Moravian herrnhutism (the Zinzendorff movement) as an important inspiration, especially for Danish and Norwegian revivalism.
The essence of the project is to establish the original purposes of Athenian ostracism, a systemic mechanism of Athenian democracy making it possible every year to remove from Athens one of the political leaders of the community. I will study the history and functioning of ostracism, as well as the role served by ostracism in the democratic system. My hypothesis is that the original purpose of ostracism was to create a political “whip” limiting the rivalry of the bickering Athenian elites and thus stabilising Athenian political life.
Relations between the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, and Persia, countries in the Caucasus and the Volga Region. An edition of selected documents
The aim of the project is to prepare an edition of Persian documents from Polish collections and to carry out archive and library research in Iran, Georgia, Armenia, Azerbaijan and Russia (Moscow and Kazan) as well as the Vatican Archives to find further traces of diplomatic, commercial and cultural relations between the Polish Commonwealth, and Persia, countries of the Caucasus and the Volga Region.
The project deals with the essence of relations between the cultures of the Aegean Sea Basin and the Middle East (ca 1300-900 BC). The temporal framework has been chosen in a way that would cover only the period of the most important transformations. This revolutionary era was marked by the fall of the Mycenaean civilisation, the Hittite state and the Canaanite states. As a result of the transformations in the Aegean world there emerged the polis, and the Middle East saw the emergence of a new type of states – tribal/national territorial states and Phoenician city-states.
The aim of the project is to explain the origins of the cult of relics, one of the most fascinating religious phenomena in late Antiquity. How, why, when and where did a society – which avoided any contact with human remains so much – begin to take the bones of some deceased out of their graves, divide them, place them in altars, touch, kiss and treat them as a source of miraculous power?