19th century revivalism movements appeared as a contestation and an alternative to official state churches and - in specific circumstances - an illegal form of religious activity in Scandinavian countries. It’s origins were connected with the idea of pietism, a religious movement within the protestant churches at the turn of 17th and 18th centuries, which aimed at a deep reform of Nordic Lutheranism. One can also point at Moravian herrnhutism (the Zinzendorff movement) as an important inspiration, especially for Danish and Norwegian revivalism.
The essence of the project is to establish the original purposes of Athenian ostracism, a systemic mechanism of Athenian democracy making it possible every year to remove from Athens one of the political leaders of the community. I will study the history and functioning of ostracism, as well as the role served by ostracism in the democratic system. My hypothesis is that the original purpose of ostracism was to create a political “whip” limiting the rivalry of the bickering Athenian elites and thus stabilising Athenian political life.
The aim of the project is to explain the origins of the cult of relics, one of the most fascinating religious phenomena in late Antiquity. How, why, when and where did a society – which avoided any contact with human remains so much – begin to take the bones of some deceased out of their graves, divide them, place them in altars, touch, kiss and treat them as a source of miraculous power?
The conflicts of easements in Galicia in the second half on 19th century. The process of redemption and regulation of easements in the area of Middle Galicia
Scientific competition of National Center of Science – SONATINA 1. Research project under the title “The conflicts of easements in Galicia in the second half on 19th century. The process of redemption and regulation of easements in the area of Middle Galicia”.